How (and When) to Switch Lawyers in Criminal Cases -
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How (and When) to Switch Lawyers in Criminal Cases


Call 888-680-1745 and Get a Second Opinion

Are you looking for a new lawyer? Are you concerned that your current lawyer is not qualified to provide effective help? Are you afraid you will get charged with a crime or convicted of something you didn’t do? Do you feel neglected or uninformed about what is going on in your case?

Just like you wouldn’t want to be your doctor’s test case when you need surgery, there simply is no room for experiments when it comes to being competently represented in legal matters—in particular in criminal matters where your liberty, livelihood, and your reputation are at stake.

Attorney Dr. Nick Oberheiden strongly believes that every client is entitled to direct access to their lawyer in order to coordinate the legal strategy and to make smart decisions together as one team.

At the beginning of a case, many people tend to hastily hire a lawyer that they’ve heard of before or that someone else recommended—without really having the time or the insights yet to determine if that lawyer possesses the qualifications and the experience needed to achieve your goals. As the case progresses, reality sets in and the lawyer’s shortcomings become visible and begin to impact your trust and comfort.

Nick Oberheiden

A frequent speaker and legal expert on media stations across the United States, federal defense attorney Dr. Nick Oberheiden has successfully represented hundreds of clients before all major federal agencies including the Justice Department (DOJ), the U.S. Attorney’s Office (USAO), the Department of Defense (DOD), the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Office of Inspector General (OIG), the FBI, the DEA, the IRS, and others. If you have questions about a case or request a second opinion, you can reach Nick directly on his cell phone at 888-680-1745

Put our highly experienced team on your side

Dr. Nick Oberheiden
Dr. Nick Oberheiden



Lynette S. Byrd
Lynette S. Byrd

Former DOJ Trial Attorney


Brian J. Kuester
Brian J. Kuester

Former U.S. Attorney

Amanda Marshall
Amanda Marshall

Former U.S. Attorney

Local Counsel

Joe Brown
Joe Brown

Former U.S. Attorney

Local Counsel

John W. Sellers
John W. Sellers

Former Senior DOJ Trial Attorney

Linda Julin McNamara
Linda Julin McNamara

Federal Appeals Attorney

Aaron L. Wiley
Aaron L. Wiley

Former DOJ attorney

Local Counsel

Roger Bach
Roger Bach

Former Special Agent (DOJ)

Chris Quick
Chris J. Quick

Former Special Agent (FBI & IRS-CI)

Michael S. Koslow
Michael S. Koslow

Former Supervisory Special Agent (DOD-OIG)

Ray Yuen
Ray Yuen

Former Supervisory Special Agent (FBI)

10 Commonly Asked Questions About Changing Lawyers

Example: You are looking for a federal criminal defense attorney. Ask:

  • How much of your practice is dedicated to federal criminal defense?
  • How many federal criminal cases have you handled?
  • How many federal criminal cases [just like mine] have you handled?
  • How many of your federal criminal cases resulted in no convictions?
  • If I hire you, will you handle my case or some junior lawyer?

Why Is It So Important to Have the Right Attorney?


Arguably, there is no area of law where the skillset of a lawyer matters more than in criminal cases.Depending on the allegations, much or everything in your life can be on the line, in particular yourfreedomand your time with your family. You should see a lawyer as an investment, an investment intoyourfuture and your ability to move on and continue your business affairs without worrying about the government.

How Do I Know My New Lawyer Is ‘Better’ Qualified?


Be specific when you ask for your lawyer’s experience. Ask how many cases your lawyer has handled similarto yours and what outcomes he obtained. If your case involves federal criminal copyright violations orfederal bank fraud, the best state law domestic violence attorney in town may lack the specificfamiliarity with banking or copyright regulations. If you are accused of healthcare fraud,Medicare fraud, Medicaid fraud, or illegal kickbacks you may want to save a lot of time and money by nothiring a lawyer who first has to do legal research to know if you did something wrong or not.

At What Point Should I Hire a New Lawyer?


You can break it down into subjective and objective signs. Subjectively, you need to ask yourself if youtrust your lawyer to achieve your goals and whether you feel a goodchemistry between your counsel and yourself. Objectively, you need to ask whether yourlawyer has the necessary firepower, experience, and skillsets. Becausecriminal cases center around your liberty, freedom, your livelihood, and your good reputation, yousimplycan’t afford to work with an attorney that lacks the skillset or does not keep you reasonably informedaboutyour case. If you feel unhappy, neglected, if you can’t reach your attorney, if you are walled off bysecretaries and paralegals, if junior lawyers suddenly handle your case, it may be time to look forreplacement. At the end of the day, it is you who has to decide whether or not to continue with yourcurrentlawyer or whether to switch to new counsel.

Will a Prosecutor or a Judge Consider My Change of Lawyers as a Weakness?


No. It is not a weakness to change lawyers. In fact, it is fairly common. Rarely does it happen that oneattorney works on the case from start to finish, in particular if the case involves different stages andlevels of specialization (e.g. trial) that not all lawyers originally considered are qualified toperform.

Can I Switch Attorneys in the Middle of the Case?


Generally speaking, you can switch attorneys anytime you want. The Constitution protects your right topickan attorney of your choosing. However, you should avoid last minute changes (such as the night before atrial) or changes for mere strategic reasons as judges may deny your request for new counsel or may denyyour motion to delay a hearing or trial if they believe such change would not serve the interests ofjustice.

Can I Switch From a Public Defender to a Private Attorney?


Switching from a public defender or court appointed attorney to a private attorney is possible but may besubject to certain conditions. Typically, before a defendant is assigned a public defender or courtappointed attorney, the defendant must represent to the court in a sworn statement that the defendantdoesnot have the financial means to pay for a lawyer himself or herself. If the defendant’s situationimproves(e.g. through friends and family), the defendant may switch to private lawyers. Anyone’s considering toreplace an appointed attorney with private counsel should, however, realize that the court will likelynotallow the defendant to return to a court appointed attorney should the defendant run out of money lateron.

Will I Have to Talk to My Old Lawyer Once I Switch?


To avoid a vacuum of attorneys, you should not terminate your current attorney without first securing thehelp of a new counsel. Once that is done, you must inform your attorney in writing that you areterminating the attorney-client relationship and that you request a transfer of your file either toyourself or to the address of your new lawyer. The new lawyer will then file a “notice ofappearance” informing everyone involved in the case, including the court, the prosecutor,and your “old” lawyer that someone else took over.

Will I Get My Retainer Back?


A lawyer taking over a case from another lawyer is ill-advised to interfere into business relationshipyou have with your current lawyer. In general, nonrefundable agreements only apply in rarecircumstances. Under the laws of most jurisdictions, legal fees have to be fair andreasonable and any unearned portions under a retainer agreement must be refunded to theclient upon request.

How Much Would It Cost Me to Hire Nick?


Predicting legal fees is like predicting the weather in April. Ultimately, the amount of legal fees willdepend on the nature of the case, the stage of the case, the status of the client within the case, thegoals of the prosecution, the need for experts, and the like. For example, in a criminal case, legalfees can vary significantly depending on whether a defendant is planning to plead guilty or determinedto fight the case at trial in state or federal court. Clearly, more work and more preparation isrequired for a case when the lawyer or a team of lawyers prepare for a four week long federal jury trialwith 40 witness examinations—rather than two meetings with the government to enter a plea of guilty. Thebest way to get specifics is to call a lawyer you consider qualified and to discuss the goals of therepresentation and the lawyer’s fee schedule.

What Do I Need to Do to Change Lawyers?


If you consider switching lawyers, you should do so in two steps. First, compare the lawyer’s credentialsand experience with those of your current attorney. Get the comfort and trust needed towork in a team to prevail in the case. Second, once you have identified such an attorney, just pick upthe phone and discuss the goals of the representation and see if the lawyer personally convinces youthat he or she is the right one. Because most lawyers don’t charge for consultations, you have nothingto lose but to get ideas and free advice.

Call (214) 469-2171 and Begin a New Journey

Attorney Nick Oberheiden is available to discuss your situation free of charge and 100% confidentially. Feel free to contact him online, or call him, including on weekends, on his cell phone at 888-680-1745 when you have questions about switching lawyers or if you want to inquire about Nick’s experience with the type of situation you are currently experiencing.

Why Clients Trust Oberheiden P.C.

  • 95% Success Rate
  • 2,000+ Cases Won
  • Available Nights & Weekends
  • Experienced Trial Attorneys
  • Former Department of Justice Trial Attorneys
  • Former Federal Prosecutors, U.S. Attorney’s Office
  • Former Agents from FBI, OIG, DEA
  • Cases Handled in 48 States
Email Us 888-680-1745